Justice Rajindar Sachar 1923-2018: Our Finest Has Gone

Justice Rajindar Sachar
Qurban Ali

Vetaran Socialist leader noted jurist and champion of human rights Justice (retired) Rajinder Sachar passed away in Delhi on 20th April 2018. He was 94. A distinguished advocate for the protection of human rights, and poor, Justice Sachar was a former Chief Justice of Delhi and Sikkim High Courts. He vociferously promoted the cause of human rights and was also head of People's Union of Civil Liberty (PUCL). He authored many reports on Kashmir.

Paying emotional tribute on the sad demise of late Justice Rajindar Sachar, senior journalist Seema Mustafa wrote “One of our finest has gone. Justice Rajinder Sachar has left us, fairly suddenly without too much notice except that delivered by age. A mentor, a friend, a man whose doors were always open he will be sorely missed. He did not really care---unlike Delhi’s famous---whether he was invited to speak or not, if he supported the cause he was there in the audience, listening attentively. For many of us he was the person we turned to when the times seemed very bleak and dark, just to hear Justice Sachar tell us that it will get better. The wisdom of experience and age gave his voice authority, and lifted spirits when little else would”.

Rajindar Sachar was born on 22nd December 1923 at Lahore in undivided India. His father Lala Bhim Sen Sachar was a well-known Congress leader and later become Chief Minister of Punjab. He educated at D.A.V. High School in Lahore, then went on to Government College Lahore and Law College, Lahore. During his students days he was attached to National movement and joined Congress Socialist Party. After the partition of the country he came to Delhi and joined Socialist party.

In May 1949, the Socialist Party under Rammanohar Lohia’s leadership held a demonstration in front of the Nepal embassy in New Delhi to protest against the autocratic and repressive regime of
the Rana government in the Himalayan kingdom. There was violence and the police used teargas shells to disperse the mob.

Lohia was arrested for violating Section 144 CRPC. Young Rajinder Sachar was also arrested with Lohia and remained in jail for a month and a half. According to Sachar sahib “It was during that imprisonment that Nehru and Indira sent a basket of mangoes to Lohia. Sardar Patel was very angry and wrote to Nehru expressing his annoyance over sending mangoes to a person who had violated the law. Nehru in his quiet way told him that politics and personal relationships should not be mixed up”. It was a first movement and arrest in free India where Socialist offered civil disobedience”.

On 22 April 1952 Rajinder Sachar enrolled as an advocate at Simla. On 8 December 1960 he became an advocate in the Supreme Court of India, engaging in a wide variety of cases concerning civil, criminal and revenue issues. But at the same time he was actively associated with the Socialist Party led by Lohia. In 1963 a breakaway group of legislators left the Congress party and formed the independent "Prajatantra Party". Sachar helped this group prepare memoranda levelling charges of corruption and mal-administration against Pratap Singh Kairon, Chief Minister of Punjab. Justice Sudhi Ranjan Das was appointed to look into the charges, and in June 1964 found Kairon guilty on eight counts.

On 12 February 1970 Rajinder Sachar was appointed Additional Judge of the Delhi High Court for a two-year term, and on 12 February 1972 he was reappointed for another two years. On 5 July 1972 he was appointed a permanent Judge of the High Court. He was acting chief justice of the Sikkim High court from 16 May 1975 until 10 May 1976, when he was made a judge in the Rajasthan High Court. The transfer from Sikkim to Rajasthan was made without Sachar's consent during the Emergency (June 1975 – March 1977) when elections and civil liberties were suspended.
Sachar was one of the judges that refused to follow the bidding of the Emergency establishment, and who were transferred as a form of punishment. After the restoral of democracy, on 9 July 1977 he was transferred back to the Delhi High Court.

In June 1977 Justice Sachar was appointed by the government to chair a committee that reviewed the Companies Act and the Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Act, submitting an encyclopaedic report on the subject in August 1978. Sachar's committee recommended a major overhaul of the corporate reporting system, and particularly of the approach to reporting on social impacts.In May 1984 Rajinder Sachar reviewed the Industrial Disputes Act, including the backlog of cases. His report was scathing. He said "A more horrendous and despairing situation can hardly be imagined... the load at present in the various Labour Courts and Industrial Tribunals is so disproportionate to what can conceivably be borne ... that the arrears can only go on increasing if the present state of affairs is not improved... It is harsh and unjust to both the employers and employees if the cases continue to remain undecided for years".
In November 1984, Justice Sachar issued notice to the police on a writ petition filed by Public Union for Democratic Rights on the basis of evidence collected from 1984 Sikh riot victims, asking FIRs to be registered against leaders named in affidavits of victims. However, in the next hearing the case was removed from the Court of Mr. Sachar and brought before two other Judges, who impressed petitioners to withdraw their petition in the national interest, which they declined, then dismissed the petition.
As an Indian lawyer and a former Chief Justice of the Delhi High Court Sachar sahib was a member of United Nations Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights. He has served as a counsel for the People's Union for Civil Liberties. He chaired the Sachar Committee, constituted by the Government of India, which submitted a report on the social, economic and educational status of Muslims in India.
Rajinder Sachar was one of the authors of a report issued on 22 April 1990 on behalf of the People's Union for Civil Liberties and others entitled "Report on Kashmir Situation". In January 1992 Sachar was one of the signatories to an appeal to all Punjabis asking them to ensure that the forthcoming elections were free and were seen to be free. They asked the people to ensure there was no violence, coercion or unfair practices that would prevent the people from electing the government of their choice. Rajinder Sachar was appointed to a high-level Advisory Committee chaired by Chief Justice Aziz Mushabber Ahmadi to review the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 and determine whether structural changes and amendments were needed. The committee prepared a draft amendment Bill incorporating its recommendations. These included changes to the membership of the National Human Rights Commission, changes to procedures to reduce delays in following up recommendations and a broadening of the commission's scope. The recommendations were submitted the Home Affairs ministry on 7 March 2000.

In April 2003, as counsel for the People's Union for Civil Liberties (PUCL), Sachar argued before the Supreme Court of India that the Prevention of Terrorist Activities Act (POTA) should be quashed since it violated fundamental rights. On 24 November 2002 the police arrested twenty six people in the Dharmapuri district of Tamil Nadu, and on 10 January 2003 they were placed under POTA by the government on the grounds that they were members of the Radical Youth League of the Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist). On 26 August 2004, still being held without trial, the detainees began a hunger strike. Sachar led a team of human rights activists who visited them in jail on 15 September 2004 and persuaded them to end the hunger strike. POTA was repealed on 10 November 2004. However, all the POTA provisions were incorporated in the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act. In October 2009 Sachar called for abolition of these laws.
He said "Terrorism is there, I admit, but in the name of terror probe, many innocent people are taken into custody without registering a charge and are being detained for long period".

Rajinder Sachar, who had formerly been a United Nations special rapporteur on the Right to Adequate Housing, headed a mission that investigated housing rights in Kenya for the Housing and Land Rights Committee of the Habitat International Coalition. In its report issued in March 2000 the mission found that the Kenyan government had failed to meet its international obligations regarding protection of its citizens' housing rights. The report described misallocation of public land, evictions and land-grabbing by corrupt politicians and bureaucrats.

In March 2005 Justice Rajinder Sachar was appointed to a committee to study the condition of the Muslim community in India and to prepare a comprehensive report on their social, economic and educational status. On 17 November 2006 he presented the report, entitled "Report on Social, Economic and Educational Status of the Muslim Community of India", to Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. The report showed the growing social and economic insecurity that had been imposed on Muslims since independence sixty years earlier. It found that the Muslim population, estimated at over 138 million in 2001, were under-represented in the civil service, police, military and in politics. Muslims were more likely to be poor, illiterate, unhealthy and to have trouble with the law than other Indians. Muslims were accused of being against the Indian state, of being terrorists, and politicians who tried to help them risked being accused of "appeasing" them.

The Sachar Committee recommendations aimed to promote inclusion of the diverse communities in India and their equal treatment. It emphasised initiatives that were general rather than specific to any one community. It was a landmark in the debate on the Muslim question in India. The speed of implementation would naturally depend on political factors including the extent of backlash from Hindutva groups. The Sachar Committee Report recommended setting up an institutional structure for an Equal Opportunity Commission.

In March 2003 Sachar was a signatory to a statement that condemned the US-led invasion of Iraq, calling it "unprovoked, unjustified and violative of international law and the United Nations Charter". Other signatories included Shanti Bhushan, Pavani Parameswara Rao, Rajeev Dhavan, Kapil Sibal and Prashant Bhushan.

He was a Judge who set an example. That after retirement Judges did not need to go into holes, and in fact were required to play a major role in keeping India on the Constitutional track. He spoke fearlessly, boldly, did not look for favours from the establishment regardless of who was in power, and as a result rubbed all the wrong way saying when we used to laugh, “well I am with the people and that’s all that matters.”

One does not really know where to begin, or for that matter end this tribute. Does one remember him for the Sachar report on the status of the Muslim community in India that created a storm as it was an honest and starkly revealing document; or for his stand on civil liberties for all; or for his criticism of established political parties; or for his love for the Indian Constitution that was always so visible; or for his gentle enquiries when he knew an individual was troubled; or for his willingness to walk the extra mile at any time of the day or night to help a person in need or for a cause; or for his consistency in advocating peace in South Asia; or for his fearlessness in taking on the communalists; or for his strong support for gender equality and justice.
By the end Justice Sachar was visibly frail, a little bent with age, and clearly with many off days that he made sure none of us really knew about. This would not prevent him from attending meetings, signing statements and organising fact finding reports till his last days.
One never heard him complain about his health. One never heard even a note of pessimism in his voice. One never heard him talk about his ailments or his problems. He was always there for everyone else, for India and her people.In these years one did, however, hear some pessimism in his voice.A ‘what will happen to our country’ tone, with worries that he would share occasionally. Excerpts from an article he wrote for The Citizen in December 2017:

Justice Sachar’s admiration for Ram Manohar Lohia spanned his life, never diminishing. But he never allowed that to come in his way of relationships with those who were perhaps, very critical of his mentor. As he said, “your view is yours, mine is mine.”And would then tell us stories about the differences between Jawaharlal Nehru and Lohia that never came in the way of mutual respect.

There are not many left now who say it like you did Justice Sachar, without mincing words, or looking over your shoulder, or bothering how the chattering classes would react. You looked for no favours, no positions, no awards. Respect Sir, Always!!!


Tribute to Bhaiji

Bhai Vaidya (left) with Joshy Jacob and veteran Socialist P. Viswambharan in Kerala on May 4, 2003.
(Image: Aby John Vannilam, MAVELI RAJYAM (CC BY-SA 2.5 IN)

By Joshy Jacob,
Samajwadi Janaparishad National Executive Member and former National President.

My heartfelt condolences on the sad demise of Com Bhai Vaidya.
He joined the socialist movement while a student. He joined the quit India struggle and participated the Goa liberation struggle and tortured and imprisoned. He got physical handicap by the police torture.

He was a close follower of Maharashtra veteran socialist leader S M Joshi. When S M Joshi decided to split from P.S.P. and merge with socialist party led by Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia to form the Samyukta Socialist Party (S.S.P.) he also stood with S.S.P. stream.
When the nation was so moved by the student and youth agitation under the leadership of Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Narayan Bhaji was the Mayor of the Pine municipal corporation. That time he organised a civic reception to Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Narayan the first such reception in the nation.
He was imprisoned during the emergency when democracy and liberty of the people were oppressed.
Never he compromised with the rulers to be released on the dark days of India.
His colleagues in the jail are including Deoras the then RSS chief apart from tall opposition leaders. He used to tell that at that time Devaras had agreed to open the RSS to people from all faith to make it a real nation building organisation. That would have been changing its communalist ethos and face. But the RSS had arrived at a compromise with the despot ruler Indira Gandhi and got out of the jail. Then all such promises were gone oblivion.
After the emergency in 1977 general election at the centre the Indira Gandhi regime was thrown out by the common people. Then in Maharashtra assembly elections sharad pawar came out from Congress and the Janata Party made an alliance with his party under the banner of PDF. Pawar became the Chief Minister and the second rank Home Ministership was conferred to Bhaiji.
While he was the Home Minister of he traveled not on state car but rode on his scooter. The present rulers barring no party can imagine such way of living.
Once one man secretly came to meet him to gain some illegal thing with lot of money. He called the police and that person was got arrested.
Later he was a staunch supporter of Chandra Shekhar in Janata party. He became national general secretary of that Janata party. He was the main organiser of the Bharat Yates of Chandra Shekhar. He walked down the entire distance from Kanyakumari to Delhi. He was the general secretary in charge of Kerala when there was dispute on the question of ministership in the 1987 Kerala L.D.F. government and the political drama followed. When Syed Shahabuddin got elected to Rajya Sabha from Bihar with the electoral manipulations by Chandra Shekhar aide and mining mafia Suraj Deo Singh, he was the gen. Sec.
Later on he realised the limitations of all the established political parties.
He began to organise the socialists out side such parties and inside them. Under the banner of S M Joshi memorial Forum held several meetings.
While the process of formation of the alternative political party by various people's movements under the leadership of late Kishen Pattnayak was began. The Maharashtra socialists who wanted to form a party came together to form the Socialist Front. The socialist front had began dialogue with us. I also could participate their state conference in May 1993.
Finally it was decided to come together to form a sampark Samiti and then formed the party organising committee.
After discussions and dialogue and joint agitational programme it was decided to form the party Samajwadi Janaparishad on 1st January 1995 at the three day foundation conference held at Thane.

Jugal Kishore Raibir was elected as the president and Bhaiji was elected to the post of General Secretary. I was along with Dr. Swati, Adv. Nisha Shivurkar, Yogendra Yadav and Vishwanath Bagi were elected to the post of secretaries. Our top most leader was Kishen Pattnayak, but he was one of the Vice Presidents along with Prof. Keshav Rao Jadhav and Prof. Vinod Prasad Singh. Gajanan Khatu was the Treasurer.

He was a good General Secretary for the party. He used to travel the length and breadth of the nation in that task. He served for two terms and thereafter became the vice president of the Janaparishad. When he was gone out of completing the two term general secretary post I was asked to offer a vote of thanks to Bhaiji in the National Conference held at Varanasi.

Then he became inactive and undergone a heart surgery.
He also share the traditional socialist views but courageous enough to take a position to discard the established political parties to experiment with the new political path propounded by Samajwadi Janaparishad.
I got many chances to interact and associate closely with him. Meetings, travel, stay together, meeting at his home, discussing political ideologies and he attended my wedding held at my village koodalloor. He was so considerate and loved me. I too loved him very much despite different political perception.

The most memorable occasion with him was when we were arrested at the Enron Satyagraha under the banner of Samajwadi Janaparishad at Guhagar in Konkan we the eighty-two satyagrahis were presented to the Chiplun court Bahiji only spoke for and on behalf of us. We were punished for four or five days as we submitted that we were not prepared to remit the fine amount and prefer to jail as satyagrahis. We were put in the historical Yerawada jail in Pune. There the former home minister of Maharashtra. Bhai Vaidya and we other comrades 82year old comrade from Bihar and small kid around one year old and mother with their leader Ex MLA Shiv Pujan Singh including men and women were in the jail. Bhaji also every morning took bath in common space with we others and washed his cloths.

He was an idealist political leader, non corrupt and dedicated socialist. Above all he was a loving person for me. His contributions will be remembered and inspired the coming generations. His sad demise is a great loss.
We all are expressing our deep condolences to Dr Abhijit, his Sister and other family members.

Joshy Jacob
Tue, 3 Apr 2018


Veteran Socialist leader and former Maharashtra home minister Bhai Vaidya dies in Pune at 89

Bhai Vaidya भाई वैद्य (22 June 1928 – 2 April 2018)
(Image: Aby John Vannilam, MAVELI RAJYAM 
(CC BY-SA 2.5 IN)

Veteran socialist leader, former Maharashtra home minister and former mayor of Pune Bhai Vaidya (Bhalchandra Sadashiv Vaidya) died of old age and cancer-related complications at 7.30 pm on Monday April 2, 2018 at Poona hospital in Pune. He was 89.

He had been admitted to Poona hospital after he was diagnosed with cancer three weeks ago after complaining of breathlessness. Few months ago, he had undergone Angioplasty. He is survived by son Abhijit Vaidya, daughter Prachi Rawal, a grandson and a granddaughter. Vaidya’s body was cremated with full state honors on Tuesday April 3 evening at the Vaikunth crematorium in Navi Peth, where thousands of people from all areas were present.

Before performing the last rites, Vaidya’s mortal remains were kept at Sane Guruji Smarak, the headquarters of the Rashtra Seva Dal (RSD) where people from various walks of life paid tribute to him. An excellent orator and non-partisan leader, his death has caused a dent to the socialist movement. Political leaders across party lines paid their condolences.

Bhalchandra Sadashiv Vaidya (भालचंद्र सदाशिव वैद्य) was born on June 22, 1928 in Dapode village near Velhe in Pune district. He was fondly addressed as “Bhai Vaidya”. He did his post graduation in Social Science and Political Science.

Vaidya began his journey in activism and politics as a 14-year-old taking part in the freedom struggle. He had participated in the Quit India movement in 1942, the Goa freedom struggle in 1955, the united Maharashtra movement in 1957, the Kutch Satyagraha in 1968 and the JP Movement in 1974.

He was in jail for three weeks in 1957 while fighting for Sanyukta Maharashtra movement which fought for a Marathi-speaking state with Mumbai (then Bombay) as its capital. During the Emergency, he had served 19 months in jail. He had also participated in the 4,000-km padyatra from Delhi to Kanyakumari undertaken by Chandrashekhar in 1983. He actively participated in various movements including fight for farmers rights, charge-sheet against Antulay government, satyagrha, fight against inflation and many other social movements. He was jailed 25 times during various movements. Even at the age of 88, he was arrested after he took part in the agitation for “educational rights”.

He joined Rashtra Seva Dal in 1943, and later joined Congress Socialist party (C.S.P.) in 1946. He remained associated with the Socialist Party (S.P.), 1948–52, Praja Socialist Party (P.S.P.), 1952–55, Socialist Party (S.P.), 1955–64, Samyukta Socialist Party (S.S.P.), 1964–71 , Socialist Party(S.P.), 1971–77, Janata Party, 1977–88, Janata Dal, 1988–90, Janata Dal (Socialist), 1990–93, Socialist Front, 1993–95, Samajwadi Janaparishad, 1995–2011 and Socialist Party (India) 2011 till his death in 2018. He served as the National General Secretary of the Janata Party from 1986 to 1988, the National General Secretary of the Samajwadi Jana Parishad from 1995 to 1999, the National Vice-President of the Samajwadi Jana Parishad from 1999 to 2001 and the President of Socialist Party (India) from 2011 to 2016. He was the President of Rashtra Seva Dal in 2001.

His political career spanned 60 years and Bhai Vaidya was elected multiple times as the corporator for the Pune Municipal Corporation. He was a member of various committee in the civic body. He was member of Pune Municipal Corporation from 1967 to 1978 and was Pune city mayor from 1974 to 1975. He was the first president of the All- India Mayors’ Association. He was a vocal opponent of emergency even during his Mayorship, when he organized a rally of 20,000 people at Shaniwar Wada and got arrested.

In 1978 he was elected to the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly from the Bhavani Peth Vidhan Sabha constituency on Janata Party (JNP) ticket. He was also Maharashtra minister of state for home in Sharad Pawar’s Progressive Democratic Front government between 1978-80. He is well known for many reformative decision during his Home Ministry, especially changing the police uniforms from half pants to full pants and refusing huge bribes from smugglers with his honest and uncompromising attitude.

He was the President of Bharat Yatra Trust, Delhi the President of S.M Joshi Medical Trust, Pune and president of the Ammunition Factory Workers' Union in Kirkee in Pune. He was also formed unions of unorganised workers in the state.

Mr. Vaidya was a close associate of S.M. Joshi, a well-known social worker and leader of Sanyukta Maharashtra Samiti. He was also an associate of former prime minister Chandra Shekhar.

He has authored books on socialism, the Mandal commission and educational reforms among others. He wrote various articles through newspapers.
He is the recipient of several awards such as Goa Krantidin, Moulana Sadbhavna, Samata Bhushan and Mahatma Phule. He always remained a staunch socialist and progressive ideologue.


Political Resolution , 11th Biennial Samajwadi Jan Parishad National Conference held at Jateswar,Distt Alipurduar,Pashchim Banga

The Bhartiya Janta Party has recently won a huge electoral victory in Uttar Pradesh, a big state, after single handedly forming the Central Government in 2014; on the other hand the leaders of this party in power have played a huge role in handing over the country’s politics to the capitalists. The irony is that despite changing and forming policies in the interests of the exploitative class, this party in power still claims to be nationalist. For Samajwadi Jan Parishad two interests are primary, the interests of the oppressed section and the interests of the country. Our party clearly believes that it is harmful in the interest of the nation to put the interests of the capitalists above all.

Crony Capitalism and Agriculture

Even the foreign policy of the Central Government is in favor of the capitalists connected to the ruling class. The Prime Minister visits countries which are economically weaker than us and announces loans worth crores of dollars to them. These loans are given only to countries where the capitalists close to the PM are signing agreements to make huge projects.
The big capitalists in the country owe 11 lakh crore rupees to public sector banks. The government is not taking any steps to recover this debt. When the last governor of the Reserve Bank of India demanded strong measures in this regard, his tenure in office was not extended.
Self sufficiency in production of food grains and edible oils has been one of the biggest achievements of our country which is due to the farmers. But the capitalists are also behind attempts to end this self sufficiency. India has become the biggest importer of palm oil in the world. The ‘fortune’ brand company of oil run by Gautam Adani has been selling edible oil mixed with palm oil and also given the formula to other companies, which is the reason that the palm oil import is multiplying. The companies of all major capitalists in the country have started agriculture in mega farms of thousands of acres of land in African countries and govt. of India is signing agreements with these countries to import their products. When the prices of Arhar/toor Dal (pigeon pea pulse) were sky rocketing , Gautam Adani had hoarded cheap African imported Toor Dal (bought for Rs 40/50 per kilo) in his private port in Gujarat and took it out when the prices rose to 100 Rs per Kilo. The import duty on wheat import from abroad was first reduced to 10% from 25% and then abolished altogether. The finance minister has announced that private companies will be allowed to do contract farming if they want.
The rising costs in agriculture have led to an increase of 26% in number of farmers committing suicide. The newly elected government has waived loans of small and marginal farmers which brings some relief. But at the same time, the top officers of Reserve Bank of India and State Bank of India have started giving statements against loan waivers. It makes it clear that the government doesn’t want to consider positively the demand to waive loans of all famers in the country.
The Government has turned a blind eye towards implementing the Swaminathan Committee Recommendations on support prices for agricultural produce. The committee had recommended that the support price should be fixed at 50% profit on the cost of production. We should not forget that Narendra Modi had also promised to implement these recommendations in the campaign for the 2014 general elections. The SJP along with all the peasant movements in the country demands that these recommendations are not adequate and a parity should be made with prices and minimum wages in the Public Sector in deciding the price for agricultural produce.


SJP leader and economist comrade Sunil had said about rural employment that ‘Today India’s villages have become de-industrialized and there is no occupation except agriculture and livestock farming. Villages and agriculture have become synonyms. On the other hand villages and industry have become opposites. Where there are villages there are no industries and where there are industries there are no villages. This condition is bad and is a legacy of colonial times.’ An open conspiracy has begun to finish the sectors providing the most number of employment after agriculture- handloom industry, cottage industries, small scale industries and forest dependent means of employment. The law which actually implemented the theory that decentralization gives employment to more people with less capital was made completely toothless in April 2015. When actually only 20 products had remained reserved for production solely by small scale industries under the manufacturing policy. In 1977 the Janta Party Government had reserved 807 products for production solely by small scale industries under the clear policy of not letting big industries produce products which could be produced at a small scale. This policy was against the conditions imposed by the World Bank and therefore the list was repeatedly shrunk after 1991. With the inflating balloon of foreign currency and the ‘reform’ of balance of payment came with the condition that quantitative restrictions cannot be placed on production. Due to this condition of the World Trade Organization, on 1st April 2000, 643 products were removed from the protected list.
It is interesting to look at the list of the remaining 20 products which was completely cancelled to end protection of Small Scale Industries- Pickle, Bread, Mustard Oil, Wooden furniture, note-book and register, candle, incense sticks, fireworks, stainless still utensils, kitchen utensils of aluminum, glass bangles, iron furniture of all kind, rolling shutters, locks, washing soap and matchsticks. Big capital, aggressive marketing and technique which prefers machine over human labor will soon devour these small industries which provide more employment.
The policy of Central and State level government purchase organizations to buy products from small and cottage industries only assures demand for them, now there are also initiatives to make this policy ineffective. Let’s take a look on the other side. There has been a history of changing legislation and rules to promote big capital. One of the prime examples of government changing rules and policies to favor its’ favorite industrial conglomerate is the then Congress Government’s decision to allow only the Ambanis to import raw material to make synthetic thread and disregarding the reserved list of fabric to be produced only by handloom s. It is notable that these policy decisions of the textile and industries ministry made Ambanis the biggest industrial group in the country, and before them cotton cloth used to be cheaper than cloth made of synthetic yarn. The permission to produce synthetic cloth produced on power looms has made lakhs of handloom weavers unemployed. Earlier it was only permitted to make ‘plain clothes’ on powerlooms and handlooms produced different colors and patterns. This law was made in 1985. Then twenty two types of cloth were reserved for handlooms under this law. The powerloom lobby kept the law stuck in courts till 1993 and when it was implemented in 1993 the number of protected fabrics was reduced to 11. According to a reliable study today 70% of the cloth which is sold claiming to be made on handlooms is actually powerloom or mill- produced.
In India 30 lakh people have got employment in information technology sector while 2 crore people are connected to the handloom sector. 18th century French traveler Francois Pirad di Lavalle describes that people from as far as the southern end of Africa to China used to wear clothes woven on Indian looms. According to him just one port in Eastern India used to export more than 50 lakh yards of cloth annually.
Along with implementing a policy to finish all employments related to traditional skills, art and handicraft the government is trying to fool the public by claiming to run schemes to promote skills through training.
The government has answered in written in the parliament about Government jobs. Central Personnel Minister Jitendra Singh has stated in writing in the house that compared to 2013, in 2015 the number of direct recruitment in central government posts has reduced by 80%. The recruitment of SC, ST and OBC has reduced by 90%. In 2013, there were 1, 54,841 recruitments for the central government, which were reduced to 1,26,261. But in 2015 the number of recruitments is cut drastically from 1.25 lakhs to around 16 thousand. The number cannot be reduced so drastically without a policy change. In 2015, only 15,877 people were recruited for the Central Government. 74 ministries and departments have told the government that among ST, SC and OBCs 92,928 people were recruited in 2013; which goes down to 72,077 in 2014 and remains only 8,436 in 2015. Thus the overall decrease is 90%.
Employment in railways will not increase between 2015-18. The manpower of railways will remain at 13, 31,433. The number was around 15 lakhs on 1st January 2014. Around 3 lakh jobs have been cut. Between 2006 and 2014 there were 90,649 recruitments. In the USA the number of central government employees is 668. In India this number is 138 per lakh and reducing further.
The recent report of All India Council for Technical Education states that 60% of our engineers are ‘unemployable’. Every year 60 lakh engineers are prepared in India. Their educational fee has not reduced at all. If they are unemployable then it is the fault of engineering colleges. How have they prepared so bad engineers even after taking lakhs of rupees as fees. There is no comment on that. Now when there are no jobs in the market, they can start calling engineers ineligible so that the market cannot be blamed. If 60% of our engineers are useless, the institutions where they are produced should be shut down.

Black money and corruption

What is more laughable than the claim of the government to finish black money while it benefits illegally the big capitalists. The truth is that a long time has passed since the news came of many Indians having secret accounts in the Geneva, Switzerland branch of HSBC bank. The names of many arms smugglers, drug dealers, and corrupt politicians from around the world were revealed. In this list there were names of many big industrialists and cinema stars of India. The government of India should have taken strict legal action against these account holders after the list was made public, but because these account holders were close to the government it announced an option for them to declare the amount publicly.
Another list has also been made public of corrupt politicians and illegal traders, smugglers from around the world who have accounts in the country of Panama. After this news leaked, there were huge outcries in countries like Russia and Pakistan. In India despite names of the biggest industrialist and cinema stars etc the government has not taken any strict action against them.
The government took the huge step of ‘demonetization’ with the claim of ending black money. The value of the notes which were put out of circulation was 86% of the total currency. This step led to an economic emergency in the country. More than 200 people died while standing in queues to get their notes changes. Despite this the people who had undeclared money in these notes were able to change or spend them successfully. The owners of these undeclared assets paid their employees and workers months’ worth of advance salary and bonuses, changed it to gold and dollars and through petrol pumps, and did not suffer any loss. The opposition parties did not enter the policy aspects and depth of the issue and evaded effective action against the issue. As a result, the government was successful in spreading the misconception among the common poor people that this step will not harm the general public much and will harm the rich. The truth I that the government has not declared an exact number of the notes returned. SJP demands that the government make public all the related facts and should make small currency notes available.
When the Congress government was in power, the BJP benefitted from the movement to create a Lokpal. Despite this no effective legislation has been made for Lokpal. A big part of corruption is the undeclared contribution to political parties by capitalists without revealing the source of the money. In this year’s finance bill, it has been made legal to not announce the source of this money and for it to be unlimited in amount. It is noteworthy that currently there is a cap on the amount candidates can spend in elections but no limit to the expenditure of parties and therefore the details of expenditure are not provided seriously. During elections the ruling party spends crores of rupees to buy each leader of the opposition party, therefore it has no interest in hampering the sources of illegal undeclared income, but is actually making laws to make it easier to furnish such funds.

Electoral Reforms

In the above paragraph the contexts of acquiring undeclared funds for contesting elections and their uses have been mentioned. Samajwadi Jan Parishad is in favor of adoption proportional representation in the electoral process.
In India in each level of state/governance(like Centre, State, District Council, Block Council and Panchayat) the mode of elections is FPTP (First past the post- the one who gets the most number of votes wins). The futuristic and popular mode of elections is ‘proportional representation’ which is already in use in 80 countries. The FPTP method is driving and increasing many weaknesses and irregularities in India’s governance and democracy. It is producing very dangerous situations in policymaking and change. Some facts –
1.      The Modi Government has got a majority in the parliament with the support of only 30% of the people. Around 60% population which is against it, has become powerless and with very little representation in the house. New developing ideologies and organizations with small numbers find it impossible to reach the house and even keep their identities intact.
2.      In each state government of the country also, one small party has reached majority in this way with a small percentage of the votes. They also take many wrong and undemocratic decisions like the central government. All these minority governments make long lasting economic and administrative policies and programs with social- religious connotations. They promote extremist tendencies which often are deeply damaging to the country and society.

The party plans to organize seminars and publish literature on this issue.
The people who promote narrow and divisive views in Indian society, spread the ideas of the caste system, strengthen the religious fiefdoms, spread communalism to promote politics of vested interests; their politics is powerful today. If the politics of the weak and poor section which Samajwadi Jan Parishad represents gets powerful; these sections will lose their power and assets. We have to take this issue to the people. The interests of the oppressed and the interests of the country are connected and mutual. We will fight the politics of the rich classes with this kind of politics. We have to establish this objective firmly in our minds. Just like the Capitalist and Manuwadi powers have firmly established the aim of ‘Hindu Nation’ in their minds, which will definitely lead to the destruction of the country. This convention pledges to strengthen the politics of the oppressed sections to defeat the current anti-national politics.
Proposer - Aflatoon , Seconded by Kamal Banerjee
Posted by अफ़लातून

Anti MNC Forum


Kamal Banerjee, Aflatoon Elected as National President and General Secretary of Samajwadi Jan Parishad

Kamal Krishna Banerjee
(Image: Aby John Vannilam,

(Image: Aby John Vannilam,
Jateswar (Alipurduar district, West Bengal, India), May 1, 2017: Kamal Krishna Banerjee (West Bengal) and Aflatoon (Uttar Pradesh) were on Monday, 1st May unanimously elected as the National President and National General Secretary respectively of the Samajawadi Janaparishad (S.J.), the Socialist political party in India. The party also elected other members of its National Executive on the concluding day of its 11th biennial national conference, which held in Jateswar (West Bengal) from April 29 to May 1, 2017.

The National Executive elected , Nisha Shivurkar, Lingaraj Azad (Odisha) and Ajay Khare (Madhya Pradesh) as National vice presidents, Dr. Chandra Bhushan Chaudhari as treasurer, Ranjit Rai as National organizing secretary and Fag Ram as National secretary of the party.

Joshy Jacob,
National Executive Member
 (Image: Aby John Vannilam,

Joshy Jacob, National President of the Samajwadi Jan Parishad from 2013 to 2017

Samajwadi Jan Parishad is a party for the alternative politics and upholds the new socialist ideology. But it stands for a new political culture too. I have served the party as national President for the last time two terms consecutively. No person can hold more than two terms of any post consecutively in the party according to the party constitution.We elected new president, general secretary and other office bearers with a new national executive committee in our national conference.


Socialist leader K.P. Janardhanan Namboodiri passes away

K.P. Janardhanan Namboodiri
(1930 — 2017)
Photo- Aby john Van-nilam

Cherpulassery (Palakkad, Kerala): Samajwadi Janparishad State vice president and Freedom fighter K.P. Janardhanan Namboodiri passed away on Saturday March 04, 2017. He was 87.

Janardhanan Namboodiri breathed his last at P.K. Das Hospital at Vaniamkulam in Palakkad at around 6 PM. The funeral was held at 2 PM on Monday on his house premises.
He is survived by his wife Savitry Antharjanam and children Hari Narayanan Jaya Narayanan and Babu Narayanan.

Samajwadi Janaparishad National President Joshy Jacob, Plachimada anti-Coca Cola stir leader Vilayodi Venugopal, Samajwadi Janaparishad State President Vinod Payyada and Lohia Vichara Vedi district convener Vidhyadharan K were among those present at the funeral.

Socialist leaders Dr. Swaty, Mahesh Vikram and Lohia Vichara Vedi general secretary E.K. Sreenivasan, among others, condoled Janardhanan Namboodiri’s death.

Condolence message by Joshy Jacob, Samajwadi Janaparishad National President, on the passing away of Janardhanan Namboodiri.

Below, please find the original message in Malayalam language:

സമാജവാദി ജനപരിഷത്തിന്റെ സംസ്ഥാന ഉപാദ്ധ്യക്ഷൻ കെ. എസ് ജനാർദ്ദനൻ നമ്പൂതിരി 2017 മാർച്ച് നാലാം തീയതി ശനിയാഴ്ച വൈകിട്ട് അന്തരിച്ചു. സ്വാതന്ത്ര്യ സമരത്തിന്റെ ഭാഗമായി ഹിന്ദി പ്രചാരകനായി പൊതുരംഗത്തേക്ക് കടന്നു വന്ന അദ്ദേഹം പിന്നീട് ഹിന്ദി അദ്ധ്യാപകനായിരുന്നു. അദ്ദേഹം ഡോ. രാംമനോഹർ ലോഹിയയുടെ നേതൃത്വത്തിലുള്ള സോഷ്യലിസ്റ്റ് പാര്‍ട്ടിയിൽ അദ്ദേഹം ഉറച്ചു നിന്നു. സോഷ്യലിസ്റ്റ് പ്രസ്ഥാനത്തിലും സോഷ്യലിസ്റ്റ് ആശയത്തിലും പരമ്പരാഗത സോഷ്യലിസ്റ്റുകളെ അലോസരപ്പെടുത്തിയ ജാതിയുടെയും ചെറുകിട യന്ത്രത്തിന്റെയും ഉൾപ്പെടെയുള്ള മൌലിക മാറ്റം ഉണ്ടാക്കിയ ലോഹിയയുടെ ആശയാദർശങ്ങളിൽ അവസാനം ശ്വാസം വരെ അദ്ദേഹം ഉറച്ചു നിന്നു.
ലോഹിയ വിചാര വേദിയുടെ മുതിർന്ന നേതാക്കളിൽ ഒരാളായിരുന്ന അദ്ദേഹം സമാജവാദി ജനപരിഷത്തിന്റെ രൂപീകരണ പ്രക്രിയയിലും സജീവമായി പങ്കാളിയായി. ലോഹിയ വിചാര വേദിയിലെ മുതിന്നവരിൽ നിന്നും പി.വി. കുര്യൻ, കെ രമേശ്, സി.ജെ. അബ്രാഹം, ജോസ് സഖറിയാസ്, ജനാർദ്ദനൻ നമ്പൂതിരി, എൻ. ശ്രീനിവാസൻ, പി.കെ. ഗോപാലൻ മാഷ് , ഉമ്മർ ഷാ തുടങ്ങിയ വളരെ ചുരുങ്ങിയ ആളുകൾ മാത്രമാണ് വ്യവസ്ഥാപിത രാഷ്ട്രീയത്തിന് പുറത്തുള്ള പുതിയ ചുവട് വയ്പായി ആരംഭിച്ച സമാജവാദി ജനപരിഷത്തിന്റെ രൂപീകരണ പ്രക്രിയയിൽ ഭാഗഭാഗിത്തം വഹിക്കുവാൻ തയ്യാറായത്. മുംബൈയിൽ ഠാണെയിൽ വച്ചു നടന്ന പാർട്ടിയുടെ സ്ഥാപന സമ്മേളനത്തിലും അദ്ദേഹം പങ്കെടുത്തു.
ജനപരിഷത്തിന്റെ ആദ്യ സംസ്ഥാന സമിതിയിൽ ജനാർദ്ദനൻജി ഉപാദ്ധ്യക്ഷൻ ആയി തെരഞ്ഞെടുക്കപ്പെട്ടു. പിന്നീട് സെക്രട്ടറി, ഖജാൻജി തുടങ്ങിയ പദവികളും അദ്ദേഹം വഹിച്ചു.
ഖാദി വസ്ത്രങ്ങൾ മാത്രം ധരിക്കുകയും മാതൃഭാഷയായ മലയാളത്തിൽ അല്ലാതെ ഇംഗ്ലീഷ് ഭാഷയിൽ നൽകുന്ന കല്യാണക്കുറികളുടെ ക്ഷണം നിരസിച്ച് വിവാഹച്ചടങ്ങുകളിൽ പങ്കെടുക്കരുതെന്നും അദ്ദേഹം വാദിച്ചിരുന്നു. ജനകീയ ഭാഷയുടെ കാര്യത്തിലും പ്ലാച്ചിമട സമരത്തിലും അദ്ദേഹം ആദ്യ കാലം മുതൽ ഉറച്ചു നിന്നു. ഒടുവിൽ കഴിഞ്ഞ ജനുവരി 21, 22, 23 തിയതികളിൽ കോട്ടയത്ത് വച്ച് ചേർന്ന ദേശീയ കർഷക ഏകോപന സമിതി യോഗത്തിനും അദ്ദേഹം പിന്തുണ നൽകി. ശാരീരികമായി വളരെ ബുദ്ധിമുട്ടിലായിട്ടും നിരന്തരം ബന്ധപ്പെട്ട് വിവരങ്ങൾ അദ്ദേഹം അന്വേഷിച്ച് വന്നിരുന്നു.

അദ്ദേഹത്തിന്റെ ദേഹവിയോഗം തീരാനഷ്ടമാണ്. സമാജവാദി ജനപരിഷത്തിന്റെ അഗാധമായ ദുഃഖം രേഖപ്പെടുത്തുന്നു.

The following is the statement issued by the Vinod Payyada, President of SJP Kerala State Unit on the Death of K.P. Janardhanan Namboodiri on March 5, 2017:-
Janardhanan Namboodiri was one among the few elder socialist in kerala who always stood with Samajavadi Janaparishad from the beginning. He was a Hindi pracharak and thus he was honoured and always stood for mother tongue. Many times we met for our State committee in his house, his wife and children are sympathizers of the party and two weeks before he called me for discussing membership campaign of the party in Palakkad district. He was very good reader and he worked in front of plachimada struggle and took part in many environmental agitations.And above all he traversed the journey from human being to being human.Samajawadi Janaparishad state committee here expresses its deep condolence in the sad demise of our leader.


Veteran Socialist leader P Viswambharan passes away

P Viswambharan 
(1925 June 25 — 2016 December 09)
Photo courtesy of P
THIRUVANANTHAPURAM: Freedom fighter and veteran Socialist P Viswambharan passed away on Friday December 09, 2016. He was 91. Viswambharan, who had been ailing for the past three months, died at his residence at Vellar near Kovalam. He was a bachelor. The funeral was held with state honours at 4.30 pm on Saturday on his house premises.

Viswambharan, a former MLA and MP, will be remembered for his ideological commitment and simple life. He was the first convener of Left Democratic Front (LDF) when it was founded in the year 1973.
Born as the son of Padmanabhan and Chellamma of Charuvila house, Vellar, Kovalam, on June 25, 1925, Viswambharan had his school education from LP School, Pachalloor, Venganoor English Middle School and SMV School, Thiruvananthapuram. He graduated in History and Economics. Then he joined the Govt Law College, but couldn't complete legal education as he had become an active public worker by then.

Viswambharan, who had entered the political arena participating in the Quit India Movement, played a key role in the formation of the Students Congress in former Travancore. In 1945, he was elected to the executive committee of the Travancore University Union. In 1946, he was appointed as the central office secretary of the Travancore State Congress. In 1949 he joined the Socialist Party and became its district committee member in 1950.

In 1956 he became the state joint secretary of the Praja Socialist Party (PSP). Later PSP and the socialist party under Ram Manohar Lohia merged to form the Samyukta Socialist Party (SSP) and Viswmabharan became its state general secretary. In 1968 he joined the Kerala Samyukta Socialist Party (KSSP), a splinter group which was broke away from the State Unit of the Samyukta Socialist Party in 1968. In May 1969 the KSSP reconstituted itself as the Indian Socialist Party. In 1971 he was elected as the state chairman of the Socialist Party when various Socialist factions merged at the national level. When the Left Democratic Front (LDF) was constituted in 1973, he was made its first convener.

During the emergency when the People's Union for Civil Liberties (PUCL) was formed for fighting for the civil and human rights he was the secretary and Dr M MThomas was the president of Kerala unit. He was also in the forefront of the formation of the Janata Party and was elected as its state president in 1980. He was also served as the president of the state unit of Janatha Dal. In 2003 he was made the state convener of the Socialist front.

In 1954 he was elected to the Thiru-Kochi (Travancore-Cochin) Assembly on PSP ticket. In 1960 he was once again elected, this time to the Kerala Assembly from the same constituency. In 1967 he was elected to the Lok Sabha from the Thiruvananthapuram Lok Sabha constituency on SSP ticket. He was a member of the Public Accounts Committee in the Assembly and Lok Sabha.

During his early days (from 1946 to 1958), Viswambharan was a journalist, working in Malayalam dailies such as 'Malayali,' 'Swathanthra Kahalam,' 'Deshabandhu' and 'Mathrubhumi'. He was the founder state general secretary of the Thiru-Kochi Journalists’ Union and a member of the Indian Federation of Working Journalists national council. He had also been active as a trade unionist and corporator.

"He had fought hard against the Emergency and proved himself to be a great trade union leader," Vijayan noted in his condolence message.

Opposition leader Ramesh Chennithala said Kerala has lost one of the symbols of idealist politics.

Former chief minister V S Achuthanandan said Viswambharan was one of the architects of LDF and had contributed greatly to the progress of left movements.
The Samajwadi Janaparishad National President Joshy Jacob in a statement said, "his death is a great loss to the Democratic and socialist stream.” “He did not compromise with anti democratic tendencies in political power," he said.

CPI(M) State secretary Kodiyeri Balakrishnan, KPCC president V.M. Sudheeran, CPI State secretary Kanam Rajendran, Samajwadi Janaparishad State President Vinod Payyada and LDF covnener Vaikom Viswan, among others, condoled Mr. Viswambharan’s death.